Archive for the ‘E-Cat home units’ Category

Engineer Andrea Rossi, E-Cat Inventor

Engineer Andrea Rossi, E-Cat Inventor

According to the March 10, 2013 report by 

Dr. Frank Lichtenberg / Physicist – ETH/Zurich:

The ECAT technology is based on Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR). ECAT reactors generate a large amount of heat energy when small amounts of hydrogen, special nickel powder and an undisclosed material are combined. About 50 g nickel are able to generate a permanent power of 10 kW for 6 months. About 1 percent of the annual world nickel production would be sufficient to provide the energy needs of mankind. This high efficiency results from nuclear reactions whose involved nuclear forces / strong interactions yield much more energy compared to chemical reactions, such as combustion processes, which are based on electromagnetic forces / interactions. However, in contrast to conventional nuclear technologies, the ECAT reactors are environmentally friendly because they do not involve radioactive materials, do not produce radioactive waste, and weak gamma rays can easily be shielded. Furthermore, they do not produce any exhaust gases.

ECAT power plants were already produced, tested, certified and represent presently the first
commercially available LENR-based energy technology. Every 6 months it is necessary to
replace the relatively small amounts of nickel and hydrogen. The nickel is largely recyclable.

The first-generation ECAT is offered as 1 MW power plant. It generates heat energy in form of hot water with a temperature up to 120 °C. It is appropriate for industrial heating and cooling applications. Its COP is 6, i.e. the generated heat energy is 6 times higher than the electric energy which is required to operate the ECAT power plant (COP = Coefficient of Performance). Several of such power plants run failure-free since February 2012. The present price of a 1 MW power plant is 1,5 Mio. USD and it pays itself off after about 4 years.

The second-generation ECAT, also called high temperature ECAT or Hot-ECAT, is offered as a 10 MW power plant. It generates heat energy in form of hot water with a temperature above 120 °C or high temperature steam. It is appropriate for industrial heating applications or an efficient conversion into electricity. Its COP is also 6. The first putting into operation of a power plant which generates electricity at the location of a customer is scheduled for April 2013.

The commercial availability of small 10 kW home units, which can be added to already existing heating systems, is scheduled for 2015.

The entire document is available in pdf formathere.

Official E-Cat website:   www.ecat.com

photo_2Dr. Frank Lichtenberg – Website:   http://www.novam-research.com/

This is about the best scenario in clean energy news, and my wish is that we are near the finish of the dangerous and polluting, nuclear fission/fossil fuel era.  The applications for this new technology are limitless.  On to the future!

Inventor Andrea Rossi is interviewed by Sterling Allan of PESN upon departing the conference hall.  He candidly answers questions regarding his works including desalination, the Hot-Cat and ultimately, the production of electricity.

Published on Sep 11, 2012 by 

Following the September 9, 2012 conference in Zurich, I caught Rossi as he was walking to his taxi.

See: http://pesn.com/2012/09/09/9602178_Rossi_Reports_Third-Party_Test_Results_fro…

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Its been a few months since I last posted any news about Andrea Rossi and his E-Cat technology.  The outspoken negativity and skepticism expressed by some  had descended into baseless and distasteful attacks on the inventor and a disinformation campaign seemed in full effect.  Many media streams have still not picked up on this amazingly  interesting clean energy advance.  It also seemed to me that the E-Cat was in the process of being cloned by competitors, or sold only to the military.

Today I ran across this post by Hank Mills of PESN, which peaked my interest once more:

The New Solid State E-Cat

When first introduced to the world, Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat required a flow of water to remain stable, even at low temperatures. Now, he has developed a new “solid state” high temperature model that is stable at temperatures even higher than 600C — with no cooling needed!

By Hank Mills
Pure Energy Systems News

The E-Cat technology has been rapidly evolving since January of 2011, when it was introduced to the world. At first, the E-Cat technology could only remain stable at relatively low temperatures (around 100-110C) when a flow of coolant was present. Without the flow of coolant, the reactor would overheat and the nickel powder would melt resulting in a dead reactor. Now, only a year and a half later, a new model of E-Cat has been developed. It is a model that can remain stable at very high temperatures without the need for coolant. In fact, it could be considered a solid state E-Cat. This is not the official name of the new model, but it seems an appropriate description.

For those who are not aware, an extended test of around twenty high-temperature solid-state E-Cat modules is currently taking place. Each module has one reactor core producing approximately ten kilowatts of output. The units have been operating for around two months now and will continue operating for a few more weeks. It has been stated that after the test is complete, a full report and photos will be shared with PESN, and posted to the Journal of Nuclear Physics.

Previously, Rossi’s statements about the high temperature E-Cat seemed to strongly indicate that he was producing 600C steam during the current extended test. His statements made it seem like this was obvious. However, now he has made it clear that steam is not being produced. Instead, the units are operating (my words, not his) in a solid state mode. They are operating at very high temperatures without a flow of coolant. This is very significant news, because it means he now has total control over the nuclear reactions in his system. Instead of having to constantly cool his reactors with a flow of liquid to keep them stable, he can just throttle up or down the nuclear reactions taking place inside the reactor core. When there is not a “load” (such as water to turn into steam) he can throttle down the nuclear reactions, and when there is a load he can throttle up the nuclear reactions.

Here is a question I asked Andrea Rossi, and the answer I received.

Question:

Dear Andrea,

How are you providing cooling for the reactor core during the extended test that is taking place?

I had assumed you were using a primary loop (perhaps some kind of molten salt or other high heat capacity substance) that transferred the heat to a flow of water, which resulted in the production of high temperature steam. However, some of your recent comments make it seem possible you are not producing steam at all during this test. It seems like you might have found a way to produce more of a “solid state” E-Cat that does not require active cooling. This, if correct, would be a major breakthrough. I think it would mean that you now have a way to precisely control the nuclear reactions taking place (being able to precisely throttle them up and down) to prevent overheating of the reactor core WITHOUT the use of a cooling liquid. I’m guessing that when the only cooling is passive (infrared heat escaping the surface of the plates), the E-Cat is throttled down significantly, and when a load is placed upon it (cooling water to be turned into steam) the nuclear reactions are throttled up.

Of course I could be totally wrong.

Thank you for any clarification you can provide.

Sincerely,
Hank Mills


Answer:

Correct,
A.

I think “solid state” is a good term to describe the above E-Cat design. I call it “solid state” because it can operate without any moving parts (no pump to provide a flow of water), the temperature can be precisely modulated, and the unit could, in theory, operate as a stand alone device providing a heat source. If combined with a thermal photovoltaic device — a technology that can convert infrared radiation directly into electricity — it could become a solid state electric generator.

However, with total stability at temperatures above 600C, these units could also produce the very high temperature steam that many of us thought he was producing during this test. In a modern boiler that produces super critical steam for turbines, the walls or tubes of the boiler have to reach temperatures slightly higher than the temperature of the steam that is needed. So if, for example, the outer walls of the E-Cat are producing 650 degree temperatures, the solid state E-Cat could produce 600C steam.

Here are a couple comments Rossi recently made on the topic…

http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=629&cpage=5#comment-262821

Dear Dr Joseph Fine:

They will go in parallel, because the temp. they reach is very high. When I say above 600 Celsius I mean exactly this: the temperature of the wall is well above, as you will see from the report we will publish soon (matter of weeks). The temperature is constant, within a reasonable variation integral.

Warm Regards,
A.R.

http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=629&cpage=5#comment-262858

Dear Steven N. Karels:

We do not produce steam boilers, so this issue will be assessed by the boiler manufacturer. We will not manufacture or engineer heat exchangers of any kind. What we have to do is to obtain the primary walls at a temperature above the temperature demanded for the steam, with the due power. We do not put these reactors in series, since they reach singularly the demanded temperature.

Warm Regards, A.R.

The fact he can produce temperatures above 600C WITHOUT using a coolant is even BETTER news than if he had been producing high temperature steam. Since the very beginning, high temperatures have led to instability in the E-Cat. The high temperatures would make the E-Cat want to “run away” and get hotter, which could melt the nickel powder. Now, even without a flow of water to provide cooling, it seems he has a totally stable system. Of course, this needs to be confirmed by the upcoming test data, but I do not think Andrea Rossi has any reason to be dishonest with us about this issue.

In my opinion, this is the best news about the E-Cat we have had all year long. With a solid state E-Cat that can be precisely controlled, many different applications are made easier. For example, the “hot plate” of a solid state E-Cat could be applied to a Stirling engine, a thermal photovoltaic panel, or even a frying pan!

Yes, that’s right. This technology could even replace the electric or gas stove. The burners could be replaced with E-Cats!

I bet some fried chicken cooked over such a stove would be very delicious!

No, I’m not kidding. I’m from the south, and we are serious about our fried foods!
The Possible Goal of 1000C

In addition to Rossi stating that he has produced temperatures above 600C, an individual by the name Francesco CH (who has given accurate information about the E-Cat in the past) has hinted on the E-Cat World website that higher temperatures may be produced. I asked Rossi about the possibility, and he emailed me the following…

Question:

Dear Andrea,

By the way, I have read an interesting comment from an individual who has shared accurate information about your work in the past. He seems to be hinting that your goal for the high temperature E-Cat is to be able to produce a stable output of 1,000C steam.

Is there any truth to this?

He calls it, “the revolution inside the revolution.” If this is the goal, what is the highest stable steam temperature you have been able to produce so far (even if only for a matter of hours)?

Thank you.

Sincerely, Hank Mills


Answer:

Dear Hank,

All I can say is that you will be surprised from the report.

Warmest Regards,

p.s. The guy you cited is not stupid.

I think the above can be considered possible confirmation that temperatures higher than 600C are being produced. If this is the case, it makes the solid state E-Cat even more exciting! The fact is that 600C temperatures would be enough to produce high temperature steam that could be used in cutting edge turbines, but 1,000C temperatures would open up even more possibilities. It makes the use of a Stirling Engine or thermal photovoltaic panel that much easier!

I’m excited about the prospects of the solid state E-Cat, and cannot wait to read the test report. Although I was wrong about the E-Cat producing 600 degree steam during this test, I’m glad that I was incorrect. The truth was even more amazing — that the E-Cat has now became a solid state device.

In short, we now know…

  • The SS E-Cat no longer needs liquid cooling because the nuclear reactions inside the reactor are precisely controlled.
  • The SS E-Cat can reach very high temperatures of well above 600C.
  • Even though steam is not being produced in this test, high temperature steam can be produced. This is a thermodynamic fact due to the high temperatures the SS E-Cat can reach.

The E-Cat keeps on getting better and better!

Fundraiser and Miami Trip Donation Drive

I would like to mention that in the not too distant future, I will have an opportunity to visit Andrea Rossi in Miami for an interview, and maybe more. The date has not been settled, and the trip may not take place for a few weeks. However, after researching and writing about the E-Cat technology for the past year and a half, it will be my first opportunity to meet Andrea Rossi in person. I am very excited about the opportunity, because I honestly feel I am knowledgeable enough about the technology — after the many hundreds or thousands of hours I have invested into researching it — to conduct a very good interview. Even better, I may be able to unearth additional information about the new high temperature solid state E-Cat that is undergoing extended testing.

However, for this trip to be possible, I will need financial assistance. I am a person of very limited financial means, and I honestly cannot afford to spend much on this trip. Also, Sterling Allan is a family man with a wife and four children to support, and I do not want to place an additional burden on him when he already has to work hard to meet his very significant financial obligations. So, I would like to humbly request that if anyone would like to make a donation to help facilitate this quest to uncover more information about the E-Cat technology, they please direct the donation, here.

Now, for the record, I want to state that I recognize there are many people facing extremely challenging financial times. I do not want anyone to make a donation towards this trip who cannot afford to do so. However, if you are fascinated with learning more about the E-Cat technology AND have the financial clout to make a donation that would not negatively impact yourself or your family, it would be sincerely appreciated.

I am not sure how much the trip will cost. I am unsure for many reasons, because I do not even know how many days I will be in Miami. I’m going to do my best to keep the cost down as much as possible. For example, by not staying in high-priced hotels, eating fancy meals, buying souvenirs, or participating in recreational activities. My goal is to spend as much time as possible on two specific tasks — learning more about the E-Cat technology and conducting the best interview possible.

On an important note, please do not donate unless you also consider it a “no strings attached” donation to PESN. If the total funds collected are more than the cost of the trip, the remainder will go to PESN to help make sure this news service can continue to operate.

In my opinion, PESN provides a great news service and deserves our continued support. Although I do not always agree with Sterling Allan on every issue (for example my recent short term absence), I think his work has helped tremendously to increase awareness of the exotic energy technologies that are currently being developed on this planet. So, in addition to considering this as a fundraiser to make an interview with Rossi take place, also consider it as a drive to make sure the best place for alternative energy news continues to provide its valuable service.

Finally, I am 99% sure this trip is going to take place. The only way I can see it not happening is if a natural disaster hit Miami, if I had a health crisis, or a tragedy happened in my family. I am simply not totally sure WHEN it is going to happen, but it should be relatively soon.

Thank you.

# # #

The Limitless Potential of the E-Cat: An Interview with Andrea Rossi

By James Burgess News Editor, Oilprice.com | Thu, 29 March 2012 13:54

Resource depletion, climate change and rising oil prices have led to large investments in renewable energy and new fossil fuel extraction techniques. However despite the positive headlines on solar, wind, and shale, all of these sectors are beset with problems that add to our uncertain energy future. We appear to be decades away from finding a renewable source that will help us avoid the impending energy crisis.

Yet amongst this bleak outlook a relatively unknown Italian inventor could be about to spark an energy revolution?

Andrea Rossi appears to have produced the first working “cold” fusion device, or low energy nuclear reaction (LENR), with his Energy Catalyser (E-Cat) machine; a technology previously declared impossible by the scientific community.
The E-Cat machine could provide almost limitless, clean, cheap energy and could prove to be one of the greatest inventions of all time. Rossi could become one of the most revolutionary scientists since Darwin.

Notoriously reluctant to speak to the media about his work, we have had the honour of interviewing Mr. Andrea Rossi about his E-Cat machine.

Some of the questions we asked Mr. Rossi take a look at:

•    Why it took so long for him to go public with his discovery.
•    How the E-Cat will produce energy costing $10/megawatt hour.
•    When he will release more detailed information on the E-Cat.
•    Why he believes international media coverage of the E-Cat has been so muted.
•    His feelings towards critics and the scientific community.
•    His manufacturing and distribution goals.
•    How the E-cat will help reduce mankind’s dependency on fossil fuels.
•    + Many more details on the e-cat, LENR and Rossi himself.

Read the full interview on Oilprice.com

ECAT.com     Andrea Rossi ECAT – March update

Here is a summary of the latest ECAT developments made by Andrea Rossi: 

  • Andrea Rossi has developed a new design of the ECAT Home unit which is 33cm x 33cm x 6cm and can be put vertically or horizontally. Total weight is 10 kg
  • The technology is completely changed, new patents have been applied for, an intense testing program is going on with very good result
  • Leonardo Corp will defend its Intellectual Property against copycats in all necessary courts
  • The new ECAT Home unit has two simple connections for input and output of water
  • No pictures will be released until the product is for sale
  • By law a customer has 60 days of time to give back the device if unsatisfied, and Leonardo Corp give all the guarantees required by the law
  • Production capacity of new factory is one million units per year
  • The hydrogen canister has been removed and the hydrogen is now stored inside a solid material due to safety reasons
  • There is a new control system for both the ECAT Home unit and the ECAT 1MW Plant which are made from an undisclosed supplier, not National Instruments
  • The only certified places to pre-order an ECAT  are either Info@leonardocorp1996.com  and/or via the order form at ECAT.com
  • Certification from UL – Underwriters Laboratories is in process
  • The highest temperature that could be achieved in the reactor of the domestic ECAT is just below the melting point of Nickel
  • No radiation has ever been detected outside the ECAT
  • The ECAT has already got important authorizations
  • The COP (Coefficient of Performance) is 6
  • Licenses to sell and market ECATs has been granted to licensees, not yet published
  • When Leonardo Corporation will execute the commercial strategy, the entire network of the licensees will be published
  • Andrea Rossi anticipates that an air conditioned generator and a electricity generator will eventually be suitable accessories for the ECAT
  • Siemens has shown an electricity solution for Andrea Rossi with 33% efficiency for 25MWe at 250C, 40bar and a smaller version with 30% efficiency for 5-8MWe also at 250C, 40bar in the secondary circuit

By Frank Acland – February 25, 2012

The units will cost between $600 and $900 per unit, a price that he feels will discourage anyone from going into competition with similar units that are based on reverse engineering of his products. Production is not planned outside the US because the small size of these units makes it fairly efficient to ship all over the world. Customs and shipping costs could make these units up to 20 percent more expensive outside the US.

Rossi reckons that the price of the E-Cat will be so low that no one, even manufacturers in Asia, will be able to compete with the products Leonardo will manufacture in the US.
Competition

I asked Rossi whether he thought any competitors were infringing on his intellectual property. While Rossi continued his policy of not commenting on his competitors he did say that his attorneys are aware of what competitors are doing and would take any actions they feel are necessary.

Certification

Safety certification is has been going on with Underwriters Laboratories for three months, and Rossi expects it to go on for some more months. Both UL and Leonardo are under NDA so Rossi wouldn’t comment further about the process.

Patents

Rossi expects that it will take upwards of five years for the patent to be finally granted. He said his patent attorneys are in dialogue with the US patent office and information is passing back and forth between Leonardo and the USPO.

Rossi’s Health

Rossi said that he has been blessed by God with good health and a strong constitution which allows him to keep up a vigorous work schedule. He typically works 16 hours per day, including some night work, and gets by on 4-5 hours of sleep per day.

These are the main points that were made in our conversation according to my notes and memory.

Frank Acland

Full article here: http://www.e-catworld.com/2012/02/rossi-siemens-ag-helping-with-leonardo-corp-with-efficient-electricity-generation/

The Emergence of LENR and it’s Predictable Effect on the Economy

by bradarnold8

To estimate how the emergence of LENR in the market place will predictable impact the US economy, it is best to study the known effects higher oil prices have.

US demand for oil arises from demand for the products that are made from it.  When the price of petroleum products increases, consumers use more of their income to pay for oil-derived products, and their spending on other goods and services decline.

Every penny of increase in gas prices takes one billion dollars out of the U.S. economy. So when the price of gas goes up $1, that’s one hundred billion dollars sucked out of the U.S. economy, or about $1000 a year out of the typical American household.

 Furthermore, oil is necessary for the production of a wide range of goods and services, because it is used for transportation in businesses of all types.  Higher oil prices can cause worker layoffs and idling of plants if the cost increases can’t be passed onto the consumers, or cost increases cause consumer demand to slack.

Finally, higher oil prices cause increases in other energy prices.

Currently, LENR energy technology is little known and the market does not seriously expect it to be commercialized soon.  That perception will change, (arguably) starting with the first independent confirmations of Defkalion LENR technology, continuing to grow with the first LENR generators introduced to the market, and finally reaching a fever pitch as the mass media bombards the public with analysis of future LENR applications, fueled by the sky high cost of oil.

According to Defkalion, 18 factories have been sold, and when each one is built it will produce 300,000 LENR generators per year.  According to Rossi, construction of his first factory will begin in February, and will eventually produce a million LENR generators a year. Presumably the blue prints for this heavily automated plant will be cloned repeatedly thereafter.  Such rapid expansion will very likely result in a public relations storm, and consequential market reaction.

There will be no immediate significant decrease in fossil fuel usage due to the commercialization of LENR, but there will predictably be a dramatic psychological impact.  Investors will see the medium and long-term implications of significantly lower energy prices, and consequentially lower the assessed value of soon-to-be obsolete energy infrastructure, conventional energy companies, and long-term contracts for their relatively expensive product.

Furthermore, as the creative destruction of our current conventional energy infrastructure proceeds, more resources will be devoted to new and better ways to exploit the LENR exothermic reaction.   As more and more LENR generators come on line, the trend will drive down the price of energy in the futures market.

When the price of energy decreases, consumers will use less of their income to pay for energy-derived products, and their spending on other goods and services will predictably increase.

Furthermore, since energy is necessary for the production of a wide range of goods and services, lower energy prices will predictably cause the hiring of more workers and the expansion of plants because the cost decreases won’t always be passed onto the consumers, or cost decreases will lead consumer demand to increase.

To summarize, in my opinion the best way to estimate how the emergence of LENR onto the market place will affect our economy is to look at the know effects of higher oil prices.  Take for instance the current spike in oil prices: just when companies have finally stepped up hiring, rising oil prices are threatening to halt the U.S. economy’s gains.  On the other hand, LENR will predictably lower energy prices, amplifying U.S. economic gains.

Cheaper products, more jobs, more money to spend – WOW! The positive feedback effects could mean geometric economic expansion. The future will be so bright, we’ll have to wear shades!

Original post from Cold Fusion Now | URL: http://wp.me/pYQbF-3Er